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Cell Signal. 2019 Feb;54:179-190. doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2018.11.006. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Neuroprotective effects of overexpressed microRNA-200a on activation of glaucoma-related retinal glial cells and apoptosis of ganglion cells via downregulating FGF7-mediated MAPK signaling pathway.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, First Hospital of Jilin University, No. 71, Xinmin Street, Changchun, 130021, Jilin Province, PR China.
2
Department of Ophthalmology, First Hospital of Jilin University, No. 71, Xinmin Street, Changchun, 130021, Jilin Province, PR China. Electronic address: songedr@163.com.

Abstract

Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy and is one of the leading causes of blindness in the industrialized countries. The involvement of microRNAs (miRs) has been implicated in regulating the complex biological responses to changes in intraocular pressure. However, the therapeutic role of miR-200a on glaucoma has not been well studied yet. In this study, we confirmed the role of miR-200a in glaucoma progression and identified the related mechanism. Microarray expression profiles were used to screen the glaucoma-related genes. The relationship between miR-200a and FGF7 was validated by bioinformatics analysis and dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. Glaucoma-related parameters including the expression of CD11b and iNOS, activation of Muller cells, and apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in the mouse model were measured by immunohistochemistry, MTT assay and TUNEL assay, respectively. miR-200a was reduced in glaucoma, whereas FGF7 was robustly induced. Thereby, we speculated that FGF7 was negatively regulated by miR-200a. Downregulated miR-200a could activate the MAPK signaling pathway following elevations in ERK, JNK, p38 and Bax expression and reduction in Bcl-2 expression. In the mouse model, downregulated miR-200a increased the expression of CD11b and iNOS and the apoptosis of RGCs, but stimulated the inactivation of Muller cells. However, the above-mentioned alternations induced by downregulated miR-200a were reversed after FGF7 repression. miR-200a can inhibit the FGF7-mediated MAPK signaling pathway and play a protective role on improving the glaucoma-induced optical nerve injury.

KEYWORDS:

Fibroblast growth factor 7; Glaucoma; MicroRNA-200a; Mitogen–activated protein kinase signaling pathway; Retinal ganglion cell; Retinal glial cell

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