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Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Nov;97(46):e13177. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000013177.

Ureteral inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor: A case report and literature review.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare soft-tissue neoplasm which has been described in a variety of locations. In the urogenital system, IMT predominantly occurs in the bladder and the kidney. IMT arising from the ureter is exceedingly rare and has been sporadically reported before.

PATIENT CONCERNS:

We reported an extremely exceptional case of IMT arising from the ureteral submucosa in a 54-year-old man. The patient was hospitalized with the main complaint of intermittent and moderate left abdominal pain for 2 months.

DIAGNOSES AND INTERVENTIONS:

Computed tomography scan revealed a nearly circular mass in the left upper ureter. Ureteroscopy showed that the ureteral lumen mucosa was smooth. However, the upper ureter was compressed and narrow. Renal dynamic imaging was performed and the measured glomerular filtration rate was 46.98 mL/min (right renal) and 9.77 mL/min (left renal), respectively. A retroperitoneoscopic radical nephroureterectomy was performed. The histopathologic examination revealed that the soft-tissue neoplasm was mainly composed of myofibroblastic spindle cells proliferation with mixed inflammatory infiltrate, containing lymphocytes, neutrophils, and eosinophils. On immunohistochemical staining, the tumor was positive for smooth muscle actin and Ki-67 (<1%+), indicating a confirmed diagnosis of ureteral IMT.

OUTCOMES:

The patient recovered well with no occurrence of complications. At 3-year follow-up, there was no radiologic evidence of tumor recurrence or metastasis and the man was well.

LESSONS:

Ureteral IMT is extremely rare and often asymptomatic, resulting in delayed diagnosis. Radiologic evidences may be suggestive of the diagnosis of IMT. However, it is necessary to make an accurate diagnosis in terms of histopathologic assessment. Complete lesion excision is the best therapeutic approach with rare recurrences and excellent survival.

PMID:
30431591
PMCID:
PMC6257432
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000013177
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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