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Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2019 Jan;100(1_Suppl):3-8. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.18-0556.

Strengthening Mentoring in Low- and Middle-Income Countries to Advance Global Health Research: An Overview.

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Emerge, Emerging Diseases and Climate Change Research Unit, School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
University of California Global Health Institute, San Francisco, California.
St. John's Research Institute, Bangalore, India.
Centre for Health Policy and Research Chair, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Epidemiology, Sexually-Transmitted Infections and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Unit, School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
Departments of Neurology, Global Health, Epidemiology and Medicine (Infectious Diseases), University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
Department of Global Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.
Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Nashville, Tennessee.
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Salvador, Brazil.
Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut.
Research Care Training Program, Center for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.


Mentoring is a proven path to scientific progress, but it is not a common practice in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Existing mentoring approaches and guidelines are geared toward high-income country settings, without considering in detail the differences in resources, culture, and structure of research systems of LMICs. To address this gap, we conducted five Mentoring-the-Mentor workshops in Africa, South America, and Asia, which aimed at strengthening the capacity for evidence-based, LMIC-specific institutional mentoring programs globally. The outcomes of the workshops and two follow-up working meetings are presented in this special edition of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Seven articles offer recommendations on how to tailor mentoring to the context and culture of LMICs, and provide guidance on how to implement mentoring programs. This introductory article provides both a prelude and executive summary to the seven articles, describing the motivation, cultural context and relevant background, and presenting key findings, conclusions, and recommendations.

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