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J Dent Res. 1988 Aug;67(8):1075-80.

Attachment of Bacteroides gingivalis to collagenous substrata.

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Forsyth Dental Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.


The ability of Bacteroides gingivalis 381 to attach to hydroxyapatite (HA) beads, treated with either human type I or type IV collagen, or to particles of bovine bone collagen was studied. All preparations were blocked with human albumin prior to being incubated with 3H-thymidine-labeled B. gingivalis 381 cells. The presence of collagen on HA surfaces (C-HA) significantly promoted attachment of the organism. HA treated with Type IV collagen bound B. gingivalis cells more effectively than did HA treated with type I collagen. Attachment of two additional strains of B. gingivalis to HA was also promoted by collagen. Binding to type I or type IV C-HA occurred rapidly, and equilibrium was attained within 45 min. B. gingivalis 381 cells also bound to particles of bovine bone collagen, and this appeared to be biphasic. Heating the bacteria abolished their ability to bind to C-HA. Attachment of B. gingivalis 381 cells to HA treated with type I collagen was strongly inhibited by the presence of soluble type I or type IV collagen, or gelatin, but not by the presence of human albumin, salivary proline-rich protein 1, or saliva. Human serum, fibronectin, fibrinogen, certain protease inhibitors, and some peptides were also inhibitory. 3H-fibronectin bound to bovine bone collagen particles and blocked the attachment of 14C-B. gingivalis cells. Mild trypsin treatment of the fibronectin-collagen complex restored its ability to promote 14C-B. gingivalis attachment concomitant with the loss of 3H-fibronectin. We suggest that elevated levels of proteases in the gingival sulcus, such as are associated with poor oral hygiene and gingivitis, might remove fibronectin and expose collagen molecules in the basement membrane, thereby promoting the attachment of B. gingivalis cells and facilitating their invasion into gingival tissues.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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