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Reprod Domest Anim. 2019 Mar;54(3):473-479. doi: 10.1111/rda.13375. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

A comparison of the uterine proteome of mares in oestrus and dioestrus.

Author information

1
Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
2
Department of Large Animal Medicine and Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine, St. George's University, True Blue, Grenada.
3
Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Proteomic analysis of mare uterine flush fluid provides a minimally invasive technique for studying protein changes associated with the oestrous cycle. The aim of this study was to identify differentially abundant proteins in the uterine flush fluid of mares in oestrus and dioestrus. In this study, uterine flush fluid samples were collected from eight reproductively healthy mares in either oestrus (n = 5) or dioestrus (n = 3). Proteomic analysis was performed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Of 172 proteins identified, six proteins (immunoglobulin lambda-like polypeptide 1, haemoglobin subunit alpha, alpha-1B-glycoprotein, serotransferrin, apolipoprotein A-1, and haemoglobin subunit beta) were significantly more abundant in oestrus. These proteins may contribute to the endometrial defence system through roles in inflammation, immunity or antimicrobial activity. In other species, some of these proteins have been described as immunoglobulins, negative acute phase proteins or defence agents against micro-organisms. During dioestrus, immunoglobulin alpha-1 chain C region-related, complement factor I, CD 109 antigen and uterocalin, were significantly more abundant. Research in other species suggests that these four proteins contribute to the immune response through proposed immunoregulatory characteristics, complement system involvement or roles in B cell-T cell interactions. In conclusion, ten differentially abundant proteins were identified in the uterine flush fluid of mares in oestrus and dioestrus. Targeted studies on these proteins could elucidate their role in uterine defence mechanisms during the oestrous cycle in the mare.

KEYWORDS:

dioestrus; equine; oestrus; proteome; uterus

PMID:
30428136
DOI:
10.1111/rda.13375
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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