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Int Q Community Health Educ. 2019 Jan;39(2):91-99. doi: 10.1177/0272684X18811023. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Relationship Between Parenting Styles and Adolescents' Self-Esteem.

Author information

1
1 Department of Health Promotion and Education, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
2
2 Department of Health Promotion and Education, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Abstract

Poor self-esteem among adolescents poses a great challenge, which parenting styles can influence. This study examined gender differences in perceived parenting styles and self-esteem of adolescents and examined the relationship between perceived parenting styles and adolescents' self-esteem among in-school adolescents in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. This study utilized a multistage sampling technique. Responses were elicited from 504 consenting pupils using the parental authority questionnaire and a self-esteem questionnaire adjusted to the Rosenberg scale. Self-esteem was scored on a (12-30) scale; scores ≥ 26 indicate high self-esteem, and scores ≤ 25 indicate low self-esteem. The mean age and self-esteem score were 14.9±1.5 years and 24.0±3.3. About one third of respondents reported parenting styles as authoritative or flexible (fathers: 36.3%, mothers: 38.9%). Pearson correlation coefficient test showed a positive significant relationship between flexible parenting style and adolescent self-esteem for fathers ( r = 0.141, p = .001) and mothers ( r = 0.137, p = .001). Research findings reveal significant association between perceived parenting styles and adolescents' self-esteem.

KEYWORDS:

adolescents; parenting styles; self-esteem

PMID:
30426845
DOI:
10.1177/0272684X18811023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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