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Mikrochim Acta. 2018 Nov 14;185(12):549. doi: 10.1007/s00604-018-3087-9.

Voltammetric determination of the Alzheimer's disease-related ApoE 4 gene from unamplified genomic DNA extracts by ferrocene-capped gold nanoparticles.

Author information

1
College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, 410083, People's Republic of China.
2
College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, 410083, People's Republic of China. yixinyao@csu.edu.cn.
3
Department oft of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, 410013, People's Republic of China. wn803@163.com.

Abstract

A sensitive method is described for detection of the apoE 4 gene detection which is important for early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. It is based on signal amplification by using ferrocene (Fc) capped gold nanoparticles modified with streptavidin. The immobilized oligonucleotide probe captures complementary apoE 4 gene. This is followed by the specific recognition of the GCGC sequences which are hydrolyzed by the restriction enzyme HhaI. Cleavage only occurs at the complementary apoE 4 duplex, while mismatches prevent enzymatic cleavage. Thus, the apoE 4 sequence can be discriminated against other apoE sequences. Benefitting from amplified signal by Fc-capped nanoparticle/streptavidin and the recognition of HhaI, the detection limit is as low as 0.1 pM of the ApoE 4 gene. Four genomic DNA samples extracted from blood were analyzed for the presence of the apoE 4 gene. The approach presented here will provide viable proof-of-principle for an enzyme-assisted electrochemical assay for the apoE 4 gene in genomic DNAs. Graphical abstract Schematic presentation of amplified voltammetric detection of Alzheimer's Disease-related apoE 4 gene from unamplified genomic DNA extracts via ferrocene capped gold nanoparticle/streptavidin.

KEYWORDS:

ApoE 4 gene; Biosensor; Cyclic voltammetry; DNA extract; Restriction enzyme HhaI

PMID:
30426239
DOI:
10.1007/s00604-018-3087-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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