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Vascul Pharmacol. 2019 Jan;112:17-23. doi: 10.1016/j.vph.2018.11.001. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Role of amino acid metabolism in angiogenesis.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, University of Padua, Italy.
2
Department of Biology, University of Padua, Italy. Electronic address: massimo.santoro@unipd.it.

Abstract

The role of endothelial metabolism represents a crucial element governing the formation and the differentiation of blood vessels, termed angiogenesis. Besides glycolysis and fatty acid oxidation, endothelial cells rely on specific amino acids to proliferate, migrate, and survive. In this review we focus on the metabolism of those amino acids and the intermediates that hold an established function within angiogenesis and endothelial pathophysiology. We also discuss recent work which provides a rationale for specific amino acid-restricted diets and its beneficial effects on vascular tissues, including extending the life span and preventing the development of a variety of diseases.

PMID:
30423448
DOI:
10.1016/j.vph.2018.11.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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