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Ther Drug Monit. 2019 Feb;41(1):53-58. doi: 10.1097/FTD.0000000000000567.

Pharmacokinetics of Daclatasvir, Sofosbuvir, and GS-331007 in a Prospective Cohort of Hepatitis C Virus-Positive Kidney Transplant Recipients.

Author information

1
Departments of Nephrology and Medical Intensive Care and.
2
Hematology, Oncology and Tumor Immunology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin.
3
Division 1.7 Analytical Chemistry, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM).
4
Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany.
5
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Limited data exist on the pharmacokinetic profile of novel direct-acting antivirals in kidney transplant recipients. Daclatasvir is primarily eliminated through the biliary route and sofosbuvir through the renal route; here, we report the pharmacokinetic profile of combined treatment with these compounds in a prospective study of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive kidney transplant recipients (EudraCT: 2014-004551-32).

METHODS:

In this study, plasma samples of 16 HCV-positive kidney transplant recipients receiving daclatasvir and sofosbuvir were collected at 4 time points at days 1, 7, 14, 21, 56, and 84 after start of treatment. Inclusion criteria were stable graft function and an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >30 mL/min/1.73 m. Daclatasvir, sofosbuvir, and GS-331007 (inactive metabolite of sofosbuvir) plasma concentrations were determined using ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

RESULTS:

All patients showed a rapid virological response with HCV RNA below the detection limit 21 days after the start of therapy (medium time to viral clearance). No difference of the areas under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of daclatasvir, sofosbuvir, and GS-331007 was observed between patients with an eGFR below or ≥60 mL/min. For GS-331007, no relevant changes of trough levels were observed over time. Mean GS-331007 trough levels were 339.5 ± 174.9 ng/mL in patients with an eGFR ≥60 mL/min and 404.3 ± 226 ng/mL in patients with an eGFR <60 mL/min at day 7 (P = 0.52). At day 84, GS-331007 trough levels were 357.8 ± 200.8 and 404.2 ± 70.2 ng/mL in patients with an eGFR ≥60 mL/min and in patients with an eGFR <60 mL/min, respectively (P = 0.51). The accumulation ratios of renally eliminated GS-331007 for AUC and Cmax did not significantly differ between the 2 eGFR groups at day 7.

CONCLUSIONS:

An impaired eGFR (30-60 mL/min) does not lead to a dose accumulation of daclatasvir, sofosbuvir, and GS-331007. This study provides the rationale for future studies investigating the pharmacokinetic profile of sofosbuvir-based HCV treatment in kidney transplant recipients with an eGFR <30 mL/min.

PMID:
30422962
DOI:
10.1097/FTD.0000000000000567
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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