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Scand J Gastroenterol. 2018 Dec;53(12):1604-1610. doi: 10.1080/00365521.2018.1534137. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

The role of EUS-guided fine needle aspiration in autoimmune pancreatitis: a single center prospective study.

Author information

1
a Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College , Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan , China.
2
b Division of Digestive Diseases, Department of Medicine , University of Mississippi Medical Center , Jackson , MS , USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Histopathological examination is pivotal in diagnosing autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). The usefulness of EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in diagnosing AIP remains controversial worldwide. The authors conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy of EUS-FNA for AIP diagnosis using a 22-gauge needle.

METHODS:

Between January 2013 and May 2017, 37 patients had imaging studies suggestive of AIP at Tongji Hospital, and 27 patients of them were enrolled in this study. Tissue specimens acquired through EUS-FNA were analyzed for periductal lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate (LPI), storiform fibrosis (SF), obliterative phlebitis (OP) and immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-positive plasma cell counts. Clinical Trials.gov no: TJ-C20121220.

RESULTS:

LPI and SF were present in 18 (66.67%) and 18 (66.67%) of 27 patients, respectively. Abundant IgG4-positive plasmacyte infiltration >10/high-power field (HPF) was detected in 8 of 27 patients (29.63%). OP and the characteristic findings of idiopathic duct-centric chronic pancreatitis (IDCP) and granulocytic epithelial lesion (GEL) were not detected in this study. According to the International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria (ICDC) for AIP, 5 and 12 of 27 patients were assessed as having level 1 and level 2 histological findings, respectively, suggesting that 17 of 27 patients (62.96%) had lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis (LPSP) based on the ICDC.

CONCLUSIONS:

In 92.6% of patients, pancreatic tissues with >5 HPFs were obtained by EUS-FNA using a 22-G needle. In 63% of patients, histology was evaluated to be ≥ level 2 according to the ICDC. The study indicates that EUS-FNA with a 22-G needle is valuable in the histopathological diagnosis of AIP.

KEYWORDS:

EUS-FNA; ICDC; IgG4-related disease; LPSP; autoimmune pancreatitis

PMID:
30422724
DOI:
10.1080/00365521.2018.1534137
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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