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Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 2019 Mar;28(2):e12961. doi: 10.1111/ecc.12961. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Questionnaire study of the dietary habits of breast cancer survivors and their relationship to quality of life (KROG 14-09).

Author information

1
Radiation Oncology, Ansan Hospital, Korea University, Ansan, Korea.
2
Radiation Oncology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun, Korea.
3
Radiation Oncology, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.
4
Radiation Oncology, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.
5
Radiation Oncology, Guro Hospital, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
6
Radiation Oncology, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
7
Radiation Oncology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
8
Radiation Oncology, Mokdong Hospital, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
9
Radiation Oncology, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
10
Radiation Oncology, Boramae Medical Center, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
11
Radiation Oncology, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Dankook University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
12
Radiation Oncology, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University, Seoul, Korea.
13
Radiation Oncology, Kosin University Gospel Hospital, Busan, Korea.
14
Radiation Oncology, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine and Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea.
15
Radiation Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
16
Radiation Oncology, Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
17
Radiation Oncology, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Uijeongbu, Korea.
18
Ansan Hospital, Korea University, Ansan, Korea.

Abstract

We evaluated the dietary habits of breast cancer survivors and investigated the relationship with quality of life (QoL), with 1,156 survivors recruited from 17 institutions. We used the Questionnaire Survey of Dietary Habits of Korean Adults (Q-DH-KOR) comprising 25 questions. The following indices were derived as follows: (1) quality of healthy dietary habits (Q-HD)-eight questions on number of meals, regularity, quantity, duration, skipping breakfast, dinner with companion(s), overeating and late-night snacks; (2) habits of nutritional balance (H-NB)-questions on consuming five food categories (grains, fruits, proteins, vegetables and dairy products); and (3) habits of unhealthy foods (H-UF)-questions on consuming three food categories (fatty, instant and fast foods). The times and regularity of meals, frequency of skipping breakfast, dinner with companion(s) and overeating were better in groups with high symptomatic and functional QoL. Symptomatic QoL positively affected Q-HD and H-NB (p < 0.001 and p = 0.024 respectively) and negatively affected H-UF (p = 0.02). Breast cancer survivors more frequently ate from the fruit, protein and vegetable categories than did the control group, with lower H-UF and higher Q-HD values (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001 respectively). Our findings supported the relationship between QoL and dietary habit and showed healthier dietary habits of breast cancer survivors than controls.

KEYWORDS:

breast cancer; cancer survivor; dietary habit; quality of life; questionnaire

PMID:
30421577
DOI:
10.1111/ecc.12961

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