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Infect Immun. 2018 Nov 12. pii: IAI.00570-18. doi: 10.1128/IAI.00570-18. [Epub ahead of print]

Interplay of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and SrrAB in modulation of Staphylococcus aureus metabolism and virulence.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611-0700.
2
Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics and Immunology, The University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160.
3
Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611-0700 kcrice@ufl.edu.

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus nitric oxide synthase (saNOS) is a major contributor to virulence, stress resistance, and physiology, yet the specific mechanism(s) by which saNOS intersects with other known regulatory circuits are largely unknown. The SrrAB two-component system, which modulates gene expression in response to the reduced state of respiratory menaquinones, is a positive regulator of nos expression. Several SrrAB-regulated genes were also previously-shown to be induced in an aerobically-respiring nos mutant, suggesting potential interplay between saNOS and SrrAB. Therefore, a combination of genetic, molecular and physiological approaches was employed to characterize a nos srrAB mutant, which had significant reductions in maximum specific growth rate and oxygen consumption when cultured in conditions promoting aerobic respiration. The nos srrAB mutant secreted elevated lactate levels, correlating with increased transcription of lactate dehydrogenases. Expression of nitrate and nitrite reductase genes were also significantly enhanced in the nos srrAB double mutant, and its aerobic growth defect could be partially rescued with supplementation with nitrate, nitrite, or ammonia. Furthermore, elevated ornithine and citrulline levels and highly upregulated expression of arginine deiminase genes were observed in the double mutant. These data suggest that dual deficiency in saNOS and SrrAB limits S. aureus to fermentative metabolism, with a reliance on nitrate assimilation and the urea cycle to help fuel energy production. The nos, srrAB, and nos srrAB mutants showed comparable defects in endothelial intracellular survival, whereas srrAB and nos srrAB mutants were highly attenuated during murine sepsis, suggesting that SrrAB-mediated metabolic versatility is dominant in vivo.

PMID:
30420450
DOI:
10.1128/IAI.00570-18

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