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PET Clin. 2019 Jan;14(1):175-182. doi: 10.1016/j.cpet.2018.08.014. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Hot Topics of Research in Musculoskeletal Imaging: PET/MR Imaging, MR Fingerprinting, Dual-energy CT Scan, Ultrashort Echo Time.

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Department of Radiology, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
The Persian Gulf Nuclear Medicine Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California (USC), 1520 San Pablo Street, Suite L1600, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA. Electronic address:


We aimed to review the latest cutting-edge trends in emerging techniques of musculoskeletal imaging. This study reviews the current status and the preliminary studies of Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting (MRF), Ultrashort Echo Time (UTE) sequence, Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/MR and Dual-Energy CT scan (DECT) in various oncologic and non-oncologic conditions of the musculoskeletal system. The current application, current and future research trends and limitations of each imaging technique were discussed. There are substantial potentials in MRF, UTE, PET/MR and DECT for characterization of various musculoskeletal disorders. Further dedicated studies in various fields are necessary.


MR imaging; Musculoskeletal imaging; PET; Tumor

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