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BMC Cancer. 2018 Nov 12;18(1):1101. doi: 10.1186/s12885-018-5007-0.

Neo-adjuvant treatment of adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix results in significantly different pathological complete response rates.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Oncology, UZ Gent, Ghent, Belgium.
2
Department of Gynecology, UZ Gent, Ghent, Belgium.
3
Department of Radiology, UZ Gent, Ghent, Belgium.
4
Department of Pathology, UZ Gent, Ghent, Belgium.
5
Department of Radiation Oncology, UZ Gent, Ghent, Belgium.
6
Department of Radiation Oncology, UZ Gent, Ghent, Belgium. Katrien.vandecasteele@uzgent.be.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous studies on cervical cancer reported a worse outcome for adenocarcinoma (AC) compared with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Nevertheless, standard treatment remains identical. Insight in the impact of histological types on biological behavior and pathological complete response rates might result in a treatment paradigm shift.

METHODS:

Clinicopathological characteristics, survival rates and relapse patterns were compared between AC (n = 36) and SCC (n = 143) cervical cancer patients. Pathological response to treatment was evaluated in the patient subgroup treated with neo-adjuvant chemoradiation followed by surgery (NA-CRT group; n = 84).

RESULTS:

In the entire cohort, 5y Disease Specific Survival (DSS) was 97.1 and 84% for AC and SCC respectively (p = 0.150). In the NA-CRT group 5y DSS was 100 and 75.5% for AC and SCC respectively (p = 0.059). Relapse patterns did not differ significantly between AC and SCC in the entire cohort, or in the NA-CRT group. Adenocarcinoma patients treated with NA-CRT showed significantly less pathological complete response compared with SCC patients (AC = 7%, SCC = 43%, p = 0.027).

CONCLUSIONS:

There were no statistically significant differences regarding relapse and DSS rates between SCC and AC in the entire cohort, or the NA-CRT group. However, a trend to better 5y DSS of AC in the NA-CRT group was observed. This analysis showed significant differences in treatment responses after NA-CRT: patients with AC responded remarkably less to chemoradiation, resulting in a significantly lower pathological complete response rate. These findings imply a need for a paradigm shift in the treatment of cervical AC patients.

KEYWORDS:

Adenocarcinoma; Cervical cancer; Differences; Prognosis; Squamous cell carcinoma; Survival

PMID:
30419851
PMCID:
PMC6233604
DOI:
10.1186/s12885-018-5007-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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