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Int Health. 2018 Nov 12. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihy080. [Epub ahead of print]

Individual and household influences on food security and dietary diversity in seven Dominican batey communities.

Author information

1
Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 750, Nashville, TN, USA.
2
Department of Biostatistics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 2220 Pierce Avenue, 571 PRB, Nashville, TN, USA.
3
Department of Human and Organizational Development, Peabody College of Vanderbilt, 230 Appleton Place, Nashville, TN, USA.

Abstract

Background:

To identify individual and household characteristics associated with food security and dietary diversity in seven Haitian-Dominican bateyes.

Methods:

A cross-sectional sample of 667 households were surveyed. Novel household food security scores were calculated from components of the Household Food Insecurity Assessment Scale, while the Food and Agricultural Organization's Household Dietary Diversity Score was utilized to calculate individual dietary diversity scores. Multivariable analyses were performed using ordinal logistic regression models to estimate the association between these scores and the covariate variables. Secondary dietary diversity analyses were performed after removing non-nutritious food groups.

Results:

Food security was significantly associated with being above the poverty line (OR 3.14, 95% CI 1.92 to 5.14), living in a rural batey (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.02 to 2.03), receiving gifts and/or donations (OR 1.76, 95% CI 1.03 to 3.00) and having a salaried job (i.e., not being paid hourly; OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.64). Dietary diversity was significantly associated with living in a semi-urban batey (OR 1.70, 95% CI 1.26 to 2.30), living with a partner (OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.08 to 2.00), growing at least some of one's own food (OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.17 to 2.23), and receiving gifts and/or donations (OR 1.72, 95% CI 1.08 to 2.73).

Conclusions:

Food insecurity and low dietary diversity are highly prevalent in Haitian-Dominican bateyes. The inclusion of sweets and non-milk beverages in dietary diversity calculations appear to skew scores towards higher levels of diversity, despite limited nutritional gains.

PMID:
30418588
DOI:
10.1093/inthealth/ihy080

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