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Niger J Clin Pract. 2018 Nov;21(11):1520-1524. doi: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_230_16.

The distribution and pattern of neurological disease in a neurology clinic in Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Obafemi Awolowo University and Neurology Unit, Department of Medicine, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
2
Neurosurgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
3
Department of Mental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

Abstract

Background:

Neurological disorders are common and contribute significantly to disease burden, disability-adjusted life years and death.

Objective:

To assess the distribution of neurological disease in patients presenting to our hospital.

Methods:

The records of the Adult Neurology Clinic in Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun state, Nigeria were reviewed retrospectively for the years 2003-2005 and 2010-2014, and diagnoses as made by the Consultant were obtained and analyzed.

Results:

The total number of complaints was 1,524 and 86.4% of these were neurological in nature. Episodic and paroxysmal disorders (ICD-10) accounted for 54.1% of the diagnoses, and epilepsy and stroke were the most common of these. Of the 1,226 patients seen during the period, 91.4% had neurological disorders. The peak occurrence of these disorders was within the first three decades of life.

Conclusion:

Epilepsy and stroke are the commonest neurological disorders in the outpatient setting and there should be more studies in the community on their prevalence and impact.

KEYWORDS:

Disease; Ile-Ife; Nigeria; neurological; pattern

PMID:
30417854
DOI:
10.4103/njcp.njcp_230_16
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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