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Curr Med Chem. 2018 Nov 11. doi: 10.2174/0929867325666181112092159. [Epub ahead of print]

Structural and Bioactive Studies of Halogenated Constituents from Sponges.

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1
CAS Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071. China.

Abstract

Marine organisms are abundant sources of bioactive natural products. Among metabolites produced by sponges and their associated microbial communities, halogenated natural compounds accounted for an important part due to their potent biological activities. The present review updates and compiles a total of 258 halogenated organic compounds isolated in the past three decades, especially brominated derivatives derived from 31 genera of marine sponges. These compounds can be classified as the following classes: brominated polyunsaturated lipids, nitrogen compounds, brominated tyrosine derivatives and other halogenated compounds. These substances were listed together with their source organisms, structures and bioactivities. For this purpose, 84 references were consulted.

KEYWORDS:

activity ; constitutes; halogenated; isolate; marine; sponges

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