Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2018 Nov 15;32(11):1469-1476. doi: 10.7507/1002-1892.201804125.

[Osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells induced by gene-loaded lipopolysaccharide-amine nanopolymersomes].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
Key Laboratory on Assisted Circulation of Health Ministry, First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou Guangdong, 510089, P.R.China;School of Biomedical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou Guangdong, 510006, P.R.China.
2
Key Laboratory on Assisted Circulation of Health Ministry, First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou Guangdong, 510089, P.R.China.
3
Department of Prosthodontics, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou Guangdong, 510060, P.R.China.
4
Key Laboratory on Assisted Circulation of Health Ministry, First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou Guangdong, 510089, P.R.China.wangqinm@mail.sysu.edu.cn.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective:

To investigate the ability of gene-loaded lipopolysaccharide-amine nanopolymersomes (LNPs) in inducing osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) by in vitro gene transfection, where LNPs were used as a non-viral cationic carrier, and their properties were optimized during synthesis.

Methods:

LNPs were synthesized by a graft-copolymerization method, and the effects of different pH environments during synthesis on physicochemical properties of LNPs and LNPs/plasmid of bone morphogenetic protein 2-green fluorescent protein (pBMP-2-GFP) complexes were explored. Then, optimized LNPs with maximum transfection efficiency and safe cytotoxicity in rat BMSCs were identified by cytotoxicity and transfection experiments in vitro. Thereafter, the optimized LNPs were used to mediate pBMP-2-GFP to transfect rat BMSCs, and the influences of LNPs/pBMP-2-GFP on osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs were evaluated by monitoring the cell morphology, concentration of BMP-2 protein, activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and the formation of calcium nodules.

Results:

The nitrogen content, particle size, and zeta potential of LNPs synthesized at pH 8.5 were lower than those of the other pH groups, with the lowest cytotoxicity (96.5%±1.4%) and the highest transfection efficiency (98.8%±0.1%). After transfection treatment, within the first 4 days, BMSCs treated by LNPs/pBMP-2-GFP expressed BMP-2 protein significantly higher than that treated by Lipofectamine2000 (Lipo)/pBMP-2-GFP, polyethylenimine 25K/pBMP-2-GFP, and the blank (non-treated). At 14 days after transfection, ALP activity in BMSCs treated by LNPs/pBMP-2-GFP was higher than that treated by Lipo/pBMP-2-GFP and the blank, comparable to that induced by osteogenic medium; with alizarin red staining, visible calcium nodules were found in BMSCs treated by LNPs/pBMP-2-GFP or osteogenic medium, but absent in BMSCs treated by Lipo/pBMP-2-GFP or the blank with apoptosis. At 21 days after transfection, transparent massive nodules were discovered in BMSCs treated by LNPs/pBMP-2-GFP, and BMSCs exhibited the morphologic features of osteoblasts.

Conclusion:

LNPs synthesized at pH 8.5 has optimal transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity, they can efficiently mediate pBMP-2-GFP to transfect BMSCs, and successfully induce their directional osteogenic differentiation, whose inducing effect is comparable to the osteogenic medium. The results suggest that gene transfection mediated by LNPs may be a convenient and effective strategy in inducing directional differentiation of stem cells.

KEYWORDS:

Gene carrier; bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells; directional differentiation; gene transfection; lipopolysaccharide-amine nanopolymersomes

PMID:
30417627
DOI:
10.7507/1002-1892.201804125
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center