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Ind Psychiatry J. 2018 Jan-Jun;27(1):110-114. doi: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_47_17.

Study of Internet addiction in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and normal control.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Vardhman Mahavir Healthcare, Patiala, India.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Dr. RML Hospital and PGIMER, New Delhi, India.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Smt. K. N. Medical College and General Hospital, Pune, India.
4
Department of Psychiatry, BYL Nair Hospital and TNMC, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

Background:

In the current era, the use of electronic media in the form of Internet has increased exponentially, particularly among children, and has led to their excessive involvement in Internet. In this context, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) children were found to have increased tendency for this addiction.

Aims and Objectives:

The aim is to study and compare Internet addiction between ADHD and normal children and the relation of demographic profile to Internet addiction.

Materials and Methods:

This was a cross-sectional study including 100 children (50 ADHD cases and 50 normal children without any psychiatric illness as controls) between the ages of 8 and 16 years. A semi-structured pro forma for demographic profile and Internet usage using Young's Internet Addiction Test (YIAT) was used. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 20.

Results:

Internet addiction among ADHD children was 56% (54% having "probable Internet addiction" and 2% having "definite Internet addiction"). This was statistically significant (P < 0.05) in comparison with normal children where only 12% had Internet addiction (all 12% had "probable Internet addiction"). ADHD children were 9.3 times more prone to the development of Internet addiction as compared to normal (odds ratio - 9.3). Significant increase in average duration of Internet usage in ADHD children with increasing score of YIAT (P < 0.05) was seen. The incidence of Internet addiction was more in male ADHD children as compared to normal (P < 0.05).

Conclusions:

ADHD children are more prone to Internet addiction as compared to normal children and thus require preventive strategies.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Internet addiction; attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

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