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Ind Psychiatry J. 2018 Jan-Jun;27(1):80-86. doi: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_62_17.

Study on risk factors in adolescents admitted with deliberate self-harm in Tata main hospital, Jamshedpur.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India.

Abstract

Background:

Suicide ranks as the second cause of death worldwide among 15-19 years olds, with at least one lakh adolescents dying by suicide every year. Therefore, research on understanding the dynamics of suicide attempts in adolescents can be used as a means of suicide prevention.

Objective:

The objective of this study is to understand the psychological, social, and personality factors contributing to deliberate self-harm/suicide attempt in patients of adolescent age group admitted to Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur.

Materials and Methods:

This study was carried out at Tata Main Hospital Jamshedpur. Consecutive suicide attempters up to the age of 19 years referred from medical or surgical wards over a period of 1 year are taken up for study. Data were collected on socio-demographic sheet and specific pro forma to collect various risk factors contributing to this behavior specifically designed for this study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test.

Results:

Majority of the suicide attempters were females of younger age, lower-middle income status, urban background, and students. Two-third (68%) of the attempter had at least one psychiatric diagnosis. Nearly 75% of the suicide attempts were committed after a precipitating factor. The risk factors associated with suicide attempts in included increased family conflicts, peer-interpersonal problems, perceived humiliations and personality traits.

Conclusion:

The early identification and treatment of vulnerable populations with risk factors for suicide across the lifespan will help in planning and implementing strategies for prevention.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; prevention; self-harm; suicide

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