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Ind Psychiatry J. 2018 Jan-Jun;27(1):17-20. doi: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_105_14.

Challenges and perspectives of child labor.

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College of Graduate Health Studies, A.T. Still University, Mesa, Arizona, USA.
Faculty of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
Department of Medicine, Universidad de El Salvador, San Salvador, El Salvador.
Department of Psychiatry, Kaiser Permanente, Fontana, California, USA.


Child labor is one of the oldest problems in our society and still an ongoing issue. During the time, child labor evolved from working in agriculture or small handicraft workshops to being forced into work in factories in the urban setting as a result of the industrial revolution. Children were very profitable assets since their pay was very low, were less likely to strike, and were easy to be manipulated. Socioeconomic disparities and lack of access to education are among others contributing to the child labor. Religious and cultural beliefs can be misguiding and concealing in delineating the limits of child labor. Child labor prevents physical, intellectual, and emotional development of children. To date, there is no international agreement to fully enforced child labor. This public health issue demands a multidisciplinary approach from the education of children and their families to development of comprehensive child labor laws and regulations.


Child labor; education; ethics; politics; poverty; religion

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