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Int J Biol Macromol. 2019 Feb 15;123:322-334. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.11.032. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Overexpression of G2 and S phase-expressed-1 contributes to cell proliferation, migration, and invasion via regulating p53/FoxM1/CCNB1 pathway and predicts poor prognosis in bladder cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Changhai Hospital Affiliated by the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai City, China.
2
Department of Urology, Changhai Hospital Affiliated by the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai City, China. Electronic address: 13761178177@163.com.
3
Department of Urology, Changhai Hospital Affiliated by the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai City, China. Electronic address: xuchuanliang@vip.126.com.

Abstract

Bladder cancer is one of the most common urogenital tumors worldwide. The specific function and molecular mechanism of GTSE1 in bladder cancer remain unknown. In the present study, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were used to identify GTSE1 expression in bladder cancer tissues and cells, and immunohistochemical assays were conducted to investigate GTSE1 expression in tissue microarray. Regression analyses explored the relationship between GTSE1 expression and pathological characteristics. A series of functional tests were performed to observe the effects of GTSE1 knockdown or overexpression, and the related mechanism was also performed. GTSE1 expression was significantly higher in bladder cancer tissues; overexpression of GTSE1 was positively associated with disease recurrence history, lymph node invasion, and progression. Patients with higher GTSE1 expression were more likely to experience shorter survival time, and GTSE1 expression served as a prognostic factor for the disease progression. Knockdown of GTSE1 obviously suppressed the proliferation, migration, and invasion capacity whereas increasing GTSE1 led to the opposite trend, which suggested that GTSE1 could serve as a potential therapeutic target for bladder cancer. GTSE1 overexpression in bladder cancer might participate in the regulation of FoxM1/CCNB1 expression via the induction of the transfer of p53 to cytoplasm.

KEYWORDS:

Bladder cancer; FoxM1; GTSE1; Prognosis

PMID:
30414902
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.11.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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