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Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol. 2018 Dec;46(12):883-888. doi: 10.1016/j.gofs.2018.10.013. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

[Additional non-contraceptive effects of contraception: CNGOF Contraception Guidelines].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, CHRU de Nancy, 10, avenue du Dr-Heydenreich, 54035 Nancy, France.
2
Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, hôpital Jeanne-de-Flandre, CHRU de Lille, avenue Eugène-Avinée, 59000 Lille, France.
3
Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, CHIC d'Amboise, rue des Ursulines, 37403 Amboise cedex, France.
4
Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, CHU d'Amiens, place Victor-Pauchet, 80054 Amiens, France.
5
Clinique de Bonneveine, 89, boulevard du Sablier, 13008 Marseille, France.
6
Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, CHRU de Nancy, 10, avenue du Dr-Heydenreich, 54035 Nancy, France. Electronic address: michele@cglre.org.

Abstract

Hormonal and intrauterine contraceptive methods provide women with highly efficient protection against undesired pregnancy. Additional non-contraceptive effects are now well documented. Combined hormonal contraceptives use, either through the oral transdermal and vaginal route, allow a reduction in menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, functional ovarian cysts, benign breast and uterine disease, endometriosis-related pain and recurrence. A reduction in ovarian cancer risks, including in women with BRCA syndrome, endometrial and colon cancer is documented. This effect is prolonged for years after contraception discontinuation. Non-contraceptive benefits of progestin-only contraceptives are less documented. Use of the levonorgestrel IUD is associated with a reduction in menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea including in case of endometriosis. Copper IUD use is associated with a decrease in cervix and endometrial cancer risk.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer; Contraception hormonale; DIU; Dysmenorrhea; Dysménorrhée; Hormonal contraception; IUD; Menorrhagia; Ménorragie

PMID:
30414725
DOI:
10.1016/j.gofs.2018.10.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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