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Acta Biomater. 2019 Jan 1;83:140-152. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2018.11.007. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Isocyanate-terminated urethane-based dental adhesive bridges dentinal matrix collagen with adhesive resin.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Military Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Department of Prosthodontics, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Military Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Shaanxi International Joint Research Center for Oral Diseases, Department of General Dentistry and Emergency, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.
3
State Key Laboratory of Military Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Department of Prosthodontics, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China; The Dental College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.
4
State Key Laboratory of Military Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Department of Prosthodontics, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China; The Dental College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA. Electronic address: niulina831013@126.com.
5
State Key Laboratory of Military Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Department of Prosthodontics, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China; The Dental College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA. Electronic address: jhchen@fmmu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Commercially available dental adhesives fail to chemically unite the demineralized collagen matrix with resinous materials within the resin-dentin interface. Sub-micron separations between the collagen fibrils and polymerized resin provide the backdrop for bond deterioration. Here, novel isocyanate-terminated urethane methacrylate precursors (UMP) were synthesized with the capacity to bond chemically to dentin collagen via covalent and hydrogen bonds. Collagen grafted with UMP also copolymerized with other methacrylate resin monomers, thereby producing a monoblock of chemically-linked biocomposite. The viscosity, degree of conversion and biocompatibility of UMP are comparable with commercially available resin monomers. An experimental adhesive containing 40% UMP demonstrated co-polymerization capability, good infiltration capacity and achieved higher immediate bond strength to dentin than the control commercially available adhesive. Improvement of dentin bonding by incorporation of UMP into dentin adhesives justifies future evaluation of the potential of these UMP-based adhesives in extending the longevity of resin-dentin bonds. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Composite-adhesive restorations have become an indispensable treatment modality in contemporary restorative dentistry. While the inability of these adhesives to bond chemically with collagen undermines the bond quality. This study describes a novel isocyanate-terminated urethane multi methacrylate precursors (UMP) which can bridge dentinal matrix collagen with adhesive resin by covalent and hydrogen bonds. Furthermore, an experimental UMP-based adhesive shows better co-polymerization capability, good infiltration capacity and higher immediate bond strength than the putatively effective adhesive Single Bond 2. The new chemical bonding mechanism based on UMP would theoretically produce more stable bonding interface that are more resistant to degradation.

KEYWORDS:

Adhesive; Collagen; Dentin bonding; Isocyanate; Urethane-based

PMID:
30414487
DOI:
10.1016/j.actbio.2018.11.007
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