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Strahlenther Onkol. 2018 Nov 9. doi: 10.1007/s00066-018-1391-2. [Epub ahead of print]

Combined stereotactic body radiotherapy and trans-arterial chemoembolization as initial treatment in BCLC stage B-C hepatocellular carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Oncology, Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong, China.
2
Department of Clinical Oncology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
3
Department of Clinical Oncology, University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital, Hong Kong, China.
4
Department of Clinical Oncology, Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong, China. mark.chan2@nhs.net.
5
Department of Radiation Oncology, Universitatsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany. mark.chan2@nhs.net.
6
Department of Radiation Oncology, Universitatsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) combined with trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) as initial therapy in Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) system stage B-C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Seventy-two patients received a single dose of TACE followed by SBRT 4 weeks later. All patients had tumor sizes ≥5 cm, at least 700 ml of disease-free liver, Child-Pugh (CP) score ≤ B7 and tumor nodules ≤5. SBRT dose, ranging from 6 × 5-8 Gy or 5-10 × 4 Gy, was individualized according to normal tissue constraints. No subsequent scheduled treatment was delivered unless disease progression was observed. Local control (LC), overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), response rate (RR), and toxicity were evaluated.

RESULTS:

The patients' characteristics were: median age 60 years (range 28-87 years); CP score A/B (n = 68/4); BCLC stage B/C (n = 51/21); solitary/multifocal (n = 37/35); portal vein invasion (n = 18). The median tumor size and GTV were 11.2 cm (range 5.0-23.6 cm) and 751 cm3 (range 41-4009 cm3), respectively. The median equivalent dose in 2 Gy per fraction (EQD2, α/β = 10) was 37.3 Gy2 (range, 28-72 Gy2). The median follow-up time was 16.8 months (range, 3-96 months). The objective RR was 68% and the 1‑year LC rate was 93.6% (95% CI, 87.6-100%). The median OS was 19.8 months (95% CI, 11.6-30.6 months). SBRT-related grade 3 or higher adverse gastrointestinal events and treatment-related death occurred in three (2.8%) and one patient (1.4%) respectively. No patient developed classical radiation-induced liver injury.

CONCLUSION:

Our experience suggests that combined TACE and SBRT can be a safe and effective initial therapy for BCLC stage B-C HCC with appropriate patient selection. Further prospective trials are warranted.

KEYWORDS:

BCLC stage B-C; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Initial therapy; Stereotactic body radiotherapy; Transarterial chemoembolization

PMID:
30413833
DOI:
10.1007/s00066-018-1391-2

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