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JMIR Res Protoc. 2018 Nov 8;7(11):e10451. doi: 10.2196/10451.

Evaluating the Use of Smart Home Technology by People With Brain Impairment: Protocol for a Single-Case Experimental Design.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Primary and Allied Health Care, Monash University, Frankston, Australia.
2
Royal Talbot Rehabilitation Centre, Austin Health, Kew, Australia.
3
Summer Foundation Ltd, Blackburn, Australia.
4
John Walsh Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, St Leonards, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Smart home technologies are emerging as a useful component of support delivery for people with brain impairment. To promote their successful uptake and sustained use, focus on technology support services, including training, is required.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this paper is to present a systematic smart home technology training approach for people with brain impairment. In addition, the paper outlines a multiple-baseline, single-case experimental design methodology to evaluate training effectiveness.

METHODS:

Adult participants experiencing acquired brain impairment who can provide consent to participate and who live in housing where smart home technology is available will be recruited. Target behaviors will be identified in consultation with each participant based on his or her personal goals for technology use. Target behaviors may include participant knowledge of the number and type of technology functions available, frequency of smart home technology use, and number of function types used. Usage data will be gathered via log-on smart home technology servers. A smart technology digital training package will also be developed and left on a nominated device (smartphone, tablet) with each participant to use during the trial and posttrial, as desired. Measures of the target behavior will be taken throughout the baseline, intervention, and postintervention phases to provide the evidence of impact of the training on the target behaviors and ascertain whether utilization rates are sustained over time. In addition, trial results will be analyzed using structured visual analysis, supplemented with statistical analysis appropriate to single-case methodology.

RESULTS:

While ascertaining the effectiveness of this training protocol, study results will offer new insights into technology-related training approaches for people with brain impairment. Preliminary data collection has been commenced at one supported housing site, with further scoping work continuing to recruit participants from additional sites.

CONCLUSIONS:

Evaluation evidence will assist in planning for the smart technology set-up as well as training and support services necessary to accompany the provision of new devices and systems.

INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID):

RR1-10.2196/10451.

KEYWORDS:

assistive technology; clinical research protocol; disabled persons; housing; mobile phone

PMID:
30409766
DOI:
10.2196/10451
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