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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2018 Nov 8. doi: 10.1002/ccd.27954. [Epub ahead of print]

Urgent transcatheter aortic valve replacement for severe acute aortic regurgitation following open mitral valve surgery.

Author information

1
Structural Heart and Valve Center, New York Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York.

Abstract

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is not currently approved for pure native valve aortic incompetence, and is typically performed on a compassionate basis in selected patients who are at high risk for conventional surgery. We describe the first use of TAVR to treat iatrogenic severe acute pure aortic incompetence following mitral valve surgery. A 71-year-old gentleman developed life-threatening acute aortic regurgitation (AR) within hours of a very challenging fifth open heart mitral valve replacement. Careful inspection of echocardiographic and computed tomographic imaging identified the cause as a disrupted left coronary cusp at the commissure caused by the surgical mitral annular reconstruction. Medical management with afterload reduction failed with recurrent pulmonary edema, and a sixth open heart surgery was deemed prohibitively high risk. The lack of aortic annular calcium onto which anchors a transcatheter valve was a concern for TAVR. However, we postulated that the struts of the mitral valve bioprosthesis would offer some support to the TAVR valve. We opted for a self-expanding system because of concerns about potential unfavorable interaction between the balloon onto which balloon-expandable bioprosthesis is mounted and the struts of the mitral bioprosthesis, and because the Evolut R system has additional anchoring points at the crown which might enhance transcatheter valve stability in the non-calcified annulus, compared with the Edwards Sapien system. Transfemoral TAVR, performed with a Medtronic Evolut R 34 mm system under general anesthesia and using moderately rapid ventricular pacing, was successful with minimal residual AR. On follow-up 1 month later the patient was asymptomatic, and the aortic and mitral bioprostheses were functioning normally on echocardiogram.

KEYWORDS:

aortic regurgitation; mitral valve replacement; transcatheter aortic valve replacement

PMID:
30408318
DOI:
10.1002/ccd.27954

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