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Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2018 Nov 7. doi: 10.1007/s00701-018-3716-4. [Epub ahead of print]

Craniofacial resection of malignant tumors of the anterior skull base: a case series and a systematic review.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Oslo University Hospital - Rikshospitalet, PB4950 Nydalen, N-0424, Oslo, Norway. m.s.s.konig@medisin.uio.no.
2
Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. m.s.s.konig@medisin.uio.no.
3
Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
4
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Oslo University Hospital - Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.
5
Department of Pathology, Oslo University Hospital - Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.
6
Department of Neurosurgery, Oslo University Hospital - Rikshospitalet, PB4950 Nydalen, N-0424, Oslo, Norway.
7
Service de Neurochirurgie, Département des Neurosciences Cliniques, Hopitaux Universitaires de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Craniofacial resection (CFR) is still considered as the gold standard for managing sinonasal malignancies of the anterior skull base (ASB), while endoscopic approaches are gaining credibility. The goal of this study was to evaluate outcomes of patients who underwent CFR at our institution and to compare our results to international literature.

METHOD:

Retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing CFR between 1995 and 2017, and systematic literature review according to the PRISMA statement.

RESULTS:

Forty-one patients with sinonasal malignancy (81% with stage T4) of the ASB were included. There was no operative mortality. Complications were observed in 9 cases. We obtained 100% follow-up with mean observation of 100 months. Disease-specific survival rates were 90%, 74%, and 62% and recurrence-free survival was 85% at two, 72% at five, and 10 years follow-up, respectively. CFR as primary treatment, en bloc resection, and resection with negative margins correlated to better survival. Recursive partition analysis identified the latter as the most important prognostic factor, regardless of surgical technique. The relative risk of non-radicality was significantly higher after piecemeal resection compared to en bloc resection. Compared to 15 original articles, totaling 2603 patients, eligible for review, the present study has the longest follow-up time, the second highest 5-year OS, and the third highest 5-year DSS, despite having a higher proportion of patients with high-stage disease.

CONCLUSION:

CFR in true en bloc fashion can still be considered as the treatment of choice in cases of advanced-stage sinonasal malignancies invading the ASB.

KEYWORDS:

Craniofacial resection; Multidisciplinary approach; Multimodal treatment; Skull base tumors; Survival

PMID:
30402666
DOI:
10.1007/s00701-018-3716-4

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