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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1987 Spring;3(1):3-10.

A new human retrovirus isolate of West African origin (SBL-6669) and its relationship to HTLV-IV, LAV-II, and HTLV-IIIB.

Abstract

A new human retrovirus of West African origin (SBL-6669) has been isolated from a patient with immunological and clinical signs of immunodeficiency. Using radioimmunoprecipitation assays (RIPA) and Western blot (WB) tests with human sera, the new virus isolate has been compared with HTLV-IV, LAV-II, and the HTLV-IIIB prototype strain of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The West African isolates appeared to be members of the same virus group since their glycoproteins were antigenically indistinguishable. West African sera showed no detectable cross reaction with HTLV-IIIB glycoproteins. The external glycoprotein in the different virus strains only showed minor variations in size. The size of the transmembranous protein was not unambiguously defined. In the West African virus isolates a 30-35 kD protein was seen similar to the protein previously described possibly to represent this component. However, in SBL-6669 a distinct 41 kD protein was also identified. There were interstrain variations in the size of several viral proteins among the West African virus isolates. Only minor differences were seen between SBL-6669 and LAV-II. The variations were most pronounced in two core proteins corresponding to the 19 kD and 24 kD proteins of HTLV-IIIB. In addition, West African human retroviruses appear to differ in pathogenicity. LAV-II and SBL-6669 are associated with immunodeficiency, whereas HTLV-IV was isolated from healthy individuals. Since further spread of these viruses to other parts of the world is imminent, it is necessary to consider their antigenic and immunogenic properties in serodiagnosis of HIV infections and in planning for immunoprophylactic interventions.

PMID:
3040053
DOI:
10.1089/aid.1987.3.3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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