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Rev Sci Instrum. 2018 Oct;89(10):10E116. doi: 10.1063/1.5038634.

Infrared imaging systems for wall protection in the W7-X stellarator (invited).

Author information

1
Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, 17491 Greifswald, Germany.
2
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA.
3
University of Cagliari, 09124 Cagliari, Italy.
4
Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, IEK-4, 52428 Jülich, Germany.
5
Thermadiag, 13590 Meyreul, France.
6
CEA Cadarache, 13108 Cadarache, France.

Abstract

Wendelstein 7-X aims at quasi-steady state operation with up to 10 MW of heating power for 30 min. Power exhaust will be handled predominantly via 10 actively water cooled CFC (carbon-fiber-reinforced carbon) based divertor units designed to withstand power loads of 10 MW/m2 locally in steady state. If local loads exceed this value, a risk of local delamination of the CFC and failure of entire divertor modules arises. Infrared endoscopes to monitor all main plasma facing components are being prepared, and near real time software tools are under development to identify areas of excessive temperature rise, to distinguish them from non-critical events, and to trigger alarms. Tests with different cameras were made in the recent campaign. Long pulse operation enforces additional diagnostic design constraints: for example, the optics need to be thermally decoupled from the endoscope housing. In the upcoming experimental campaign, a graphite scraper element, in front of the island divertor throat, will be tested as a possible means to protect the divertor pumping gap edges during the transient discharge evolution.

PMID:
30399980
DOI:
10.1063/1.5038634

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