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Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Nov 3;109:391-401. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2018.10.102. [Epub ahead of print]

Role of vitamin D and vitamin D receptor (VDR) in oral cancer.

Author information

1
Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Stem Cells Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
2
Dental and Periodontal Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3
Stem Cells Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
4
Department of Pharmacy, Abdul Wali khan university, Mardan, 23200, Pakistan; Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi, 75270, Pakistan.
5
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
6
Dental and Periodontal Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
7
Dental and Periodontal Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address: sharifis@tbzmed.ac.ir.

Abstract

Oral cancer is known as one of the most common cancers, with a poor prognosis, related to delayed clinical diagnosis, either due to the lack of particular biomarkers related to the disease or costly therapeutic alternatives. Vitamin D executes its functions by interacting with the vitamin D receptor (VDR), both in healthy and diseased individuals, including oral cancer. This review discusses the role of vitamin D and VDR on tumorigenesis, emphasizing on oral cancer. Furthermore, regulation of VDR expression, mechanisms of anticancer effects of calcitriol, oral cancer chemoresistance and its relation with VDR and polymorphisms of VDR gene will be discussed. The manuscript is prepared mainly using the information collected from PubMed and MEDLINE.

KEYWORDS:

Oral cancer; VDR; Vitamin D

PMID:
30399574
DOI:
10.1016/j.biopha.2018.10.102
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