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Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 Oct 26;194:40-44. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.10.005. [Epub ahead of print]

Young adult dual combusted cigarette and e-cigarette users' anticipated responses to a nicotine reduction policy and menthol ban in combusted cigarettes.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, 2608 Erwin Road, Suite 300, Durham, NC 27705, United States. Electronic address: lauren.pacek@duke.edu.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, 2608 Erwin Road, Suite 300, Durham, NC 27705, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of the study was to assess young adult dual e-cigarette (EC) and combusted cigarette (CC) users' anticipated responses to a hypothetical very low nicotine content product standard and menthol ban in CC.

METHODS:

Data came from 240 young adult (18-29 years) dual CC and EC users recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk between June 20-22, 2017. Descriptive statistics were used to report sample characteristics. McNemar's tests were used to assess differences between product categories in terms of anticipated responses to hypothetical regulations.

RESULTS:

A hypothetical very low nicotine content product standard in CC resulted in reported intentions to quit or reduce CC use and increase use of EC (p's<0.001). Hypothetical restrictions regarding the availability of menthol CC resulted in marginally significant reported intentions to increase EC use (p = 0.080). Anticipated responses to regulation were associated with baseline EC and CC use characteristics.

CONCLUSIONS:

This work provides preliminary evidence of the impact that regulations regarding nicotine content and menthol in CC may have on the use of EC among young adult dual users.

KEYWORDS:

Cigarettes; Dual use; Menthol; Nicotine reduction; Tobacco regulatory science; e-cigarettes

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