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Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Nov 5. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001667. [Epub ahead of print]

Socioeconomic Status and Analgesia Provision at Discharge Among Children With Long-Bone Fractures Requiring Emergency Care.

Author information

1
From the Emergency Services.
2
Research and Sponsored Programs, and.
3
Orthopedic Surgery, Children's Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Inadequate treatment of painful conditions in children is a significant and complex problem. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of socioeconomic status on the provision of analgesic medicines at discharge in children treated emergently for a long-bone fracture.

METHODS:

A retrospective review of all patients during a 1-year period with a long-bone fracture treated in 2 urban pediatric emergency departments (EDs) was performed.

RESULTS:

Eight hundred seventy-three patients were identified who met our inclusion criteria. Sixty percent of patients received a prescription for an opioid-containing medicine, and 22% received a prescription for an over-the-counter analgesic medicine at ED discharge. Socioeconomic status had no effect on opioid analgesic prescriptions at discharge. Patients in the lowest-income group were younger, presented to the ED longer after an injury, were likely nonwhite, and had higher rates of over-the-counter analgesic medicine prescriptions provided at discharge. Higher-income patients were likely white and non-Hispanic, presented to the ED sooner, and were less likely to receive a prescription for a nonopioid analgesic medicine.

CONCLUSIONS:

Socioeconomic status is associated with different nonopioid analgesic prescription patterns in children treated in the ED for a long-bone fracture, but had no effect on opioid analgesic prescriptions.

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