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Mol Cell Biol. 2019 Jan 16;39(3). pii: e00415-18. doi: 10.1128/MCB.00415-18. Print 2019 Feb 1.

SNW1, a Novel Transcriptional Regulator of the NF-κB Pathway.

Author information

1
Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California, USA.
2
Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, La Jolla, California, USA.
3
Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, La Jolla, California, USA schanda@sbpdiscovery.org imohanv1@gmail.com.
4
Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California, USA schanda@sbpdiscovery.org imohanv1@gmail.com.

Abstract

The nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) family of transcription factors plays a central role in coordinating the expression of genes that control inflammation, immune responses, cell proliferation, and a variety of other biological processes. In an attempt to identify novel regulators of this pathway, we performed whole-genome RNA interference (RNAi) screens in physiologically relevant human macrophages in response to lipopolysaccharide and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). The top hit was SNW1, a splicing factor and transcriptional coactivator. SNW1 does not regulate the cytoplasmic components of the NF-κB pathway but complexes with the NF-κB heterodimer in the nucleus for transcriptional activation. We show that SNW1 detaches from its splicing complex (formed with SNRNP200 and SNRNP220) upon NF-κB activation and binds to NF-κB's transcriptional elongation partner p-TEFb. We also show that SNW1 is indispensable for the transcriptional elongation of NF-κB target genes such as the interleukin 8 (IL-8) and TNF genes. SNW1 is a unique protein previously shown to be involved in both splicing and transcription, and in this case, its role involves binding to the NF-κB-p-TEFb complex to facilitate transcriptional elongation of some NF-κB target genes.

KEYWORDS:

NF-κB; RNAi screen; transcriptional regulation

PMID:
30397075
PMCID:
PMC6336138
[Available on 2019-07-16]
DOI:
10.1128/MCB.00415-18

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