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Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Nov 2;109:84-92. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2018.10.041. [Epub ahead of print]

Protective effects of Astragaloside IV on endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced renal tubular epithelial cells apoptosis in type 2 diabetic nephropathy rats.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Anti-Inflammatory and Immunopharmacology, Ministry of Education, Department of Pharmacology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Anti-Inflammatory and Immunopharmacology, Ministry of Education, Department of Pharmacology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China. Electronic address: liweizu@126.com.
3
Key Laboratory of Anti-Inflammatory and Immunopharmacology, Ministry of Education, Department of Pharmacology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China; Anqing Medical and Pharmaceutical College, Anqing 246052, Anhui, China. Electronic address: lwp19@126.com.

Abstract

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) has become the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide. Renal tubular injury plays an important role in the development and progression of DN. And apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells (RTEC) contribute to the loss of renal function, increased levels of serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urine total protein to urine creatinine and microalbuminuria and reduction of creatinine clear rate (CCr). Moreover, recent findings suggested that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress may lead to apoptosis of renal cells. Astragalosides IV (AS-IV) has a variety of pharmacological effects such as anti-apoptosis. Thus, in this study we investigated the effects and mechanisms of AS-IV on apoptosis of RTEC in high-fat diets (HFD) and low-dose streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 2 DN rats. The results showed that AS-IV (40, 80 mg/kg) could alleviate RTEC apoptosis in DN rats. Furthermore, body weight, the majority of biochemical and renal function parameters and histopathological changes in the diabetic kidney were also improved by AS-IV. And AS-IV could reduce the expression of apoptosis-related proteins cleaved caspase-3, Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. ER stress-related proteins GRP78, p-PERK, ATF4 and CHOP were also inhibited by AS-IV in kidney of DN rats. Taken together, our study suggests that the protective effects of AS-IV may be related to inhibit ER stress-induced apoptosis through down-regulating the expression of p-PERK, ATF4 and CHOP. And our study provides a new theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of patients with kidney diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Astragaloside IV; Diabetic nephropathy; Endoplasmic reticulum stress; Renal tubular epithelial cells

PMID:
30396095
DOI:
10.1016/j.biopha.2018.10.041
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