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PLoS One. 2018 Nov 5;13(11):e0206727. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0206727. eCollection 2018.

Circulating miRNA measurements are reflective of cholesterol-based changes in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).

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INRA, Univ Pau & Pays Adour, E2S UPPA, UMR 1419, Nutrition Métabolisme Aquaculture, Saint Pée sur Nivelle, France.


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs which are known to posttranscriptionally regulate the expression of most genes in both animals and plants. Meanwhile, studies have shown that numbers of miRNAs are present in body fluids including the plasma. Despite the mode of action of these circulating miRNAs still remains unknown, they have been found to be promising biomarkers for disease diagnosis, prognosis and response to treatment. In order to evaluate the potential of miRNAs as non-invasive biomarkers in aquaculture, a time-course experiment was implemented to investigate the postprandial regulation of miRNAs levels in liver and plasma as well as the hepatic expression of genes involved in cholesterol metabolism. We showed that miR-1, miR-33a, miR-122, miR-128 and miR-223 were expressed in the liver of rainbow trout and present at detectable level in the plasma. We also demonstrated that hepatic expression of miR-1, miR-122 and miR-128 were regulated by feed intake and reached their highest levels 12 hours after the meal. Interestingly, we observed that circulating levels of miR-128 and miR-223 are subjected to postprandial regulations similar to that observed in their hepatic counterparts. Statistical correlations were observed between liver and plasma for miR-128 and miR-223 and between hepatic and circulating miR-122, miR-128 and miR-223 and expression of genes related to cholesterol synthesis and efflux or glucose phosphorylation. These results demonstrated that circulating miR-122, miR-128 and miR-223 are potential biomarkers of cholesterol metabolism in rainbow trout.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

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