Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Ter. 2018 Sep-Oct;169(5):e217-e223. doi: 10.7417/CT.2018.2082.

Anthropometric analysis of mandible: an important step for sex determination.

Author information

1
Forensic Unit, Department of Pathology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaakob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Tingkat 15, Menara B, Persiaran MPAJ, Jalan Pandan Utama, Pandan Indah, 55100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
2
Forensic Unit, Department of Pathology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaakob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - Department of Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.
3
Forensic Unit, Department of Pathology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaakob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
4
Department of Anatomy, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaakob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
5
Department of Forensic Medicine, Hospital Kuala Lumpur.
6
School of Computer Science, University of Nottingham, Jalan Broga, 43500 Semenyih, Malaysia.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The first step in the forensic identification is sex determination followed by age and stature estimation, as both are sex-dependent. The mandible is the largest, strongest and most durable bone in the face. Mandible is important for sex confirmation in absence of a complete pelvis and skull.

AIM:

The aim of the present study was to determine sex of human mandible from morphology, morphometric measurements as well as discriminant function analysis from the CT scan.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The present retrospective study comprised 79 subjects (48 males, 31 females), with age group between 18 and 74 years, and were obtained from the post mortem computed tomography data in the Hospital Kuala Lumpur. The parameters were divided into three morphologic and nine morphometric parameters, which were measured by using Osirix MD Software 3D Volume Rendering.

RESULTS:

The Chi-square test showed that men were significantly association with square-shaped chin (92%), prominent muscle marking (85%) and everted gonial glare, whereas women had pointed chin (84%), less prominent muscle marking (90%) and inverted gonial glare (80%). All parameter measurements showed significantly greater values in males than in females by independent t-test (p< 0.01). By discriminant analysis, the classification accuracy was 78.5%, the sensitivity was 79.2% and the specificity was 77.4%. The discriminant function equation was formulated based on bigonial breath and condylar height, which were the best predictors.

CONCLUSION:

In conclusion, the mandible could be distinguished according to the sex. The results of the study can be used for identification of damaged and/or unknown mandible in the Malaysian population.

KEYWORDS:

Forensic; Identification; Mandible; Morphology; Three-dimensional computed tomography

PMID:
30393808
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Societa Editrice Universo, srl
Loading ...
Support Center