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Mayo Clin Proc. 2018 Nov;93(11):1648-1653. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2018.09.006.

Migraine Headache: Updates and Future Developments.

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Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL.
Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL.


Migraine is a common disabling condition that is frequently managed by primary care providers. In recent years, the growing array of migraine therapies has added complexity to patient care. This article serves as a succinct review of pertinent updates and future directions regarding migraine. Our understanding of pathophysiology has progressed along with new advances in biomarkers and genetics. These discoveries have led to a wealth of new options for treatment, many of which are specifically targeted against molecules implicated in migraine headache such as calcitonin gene-related peptide. These treatments include several monoclonal antibodies, calcitonin-gene related peptide receptor antagonists, and 5-hydroxytryptamine 1F (5-HT1F) receptor agonists; new options such as these are important for the large population falling out of eligibility for triptans. Furthermore, various nonpharmacological options including noninvasive brain stimulation have joined the arsenal of therapies used for treating migraine.

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