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J Neurochem. 1987 Sep;49(3):884-9.

Interactions among lithium, calcium, diacylglycerides, and phorbol esters in the regulation of adrenocorticotropin hormone release from AtT-20 cells.

Abstract

Interactions among lithium, calcium, and phorbol esters in the regulation of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) release were examined in a tumor cell line (AtT-20) of the anterior pituitary. Lithium, which blocks the phosphatase that converts inositol phosphates (IPs) to inositol, increases the levels of IPs in these cells and stimulates ACTH release. This ion potentiates the ability of calcium, an activator of phospholipase C, to raise levels of IPs in these cells and to stimulate ACTH secretion. Pretreatment of AtT-20 cells with calcium specifically abolishes the ACTH release response to lithium or calcium, a result suggesting that these secretagogues may act through a common mechanism to induce hormone secretion. Prior exposure of AtT-20 cells to either lithium or calcium also attenuates the ACTH release induced by phorbol ester, an activator of protein kinase C. To examine the link among lithium, calcium, phosphatidylinositol (PI) turnover, and phorbol ester-evoked ACTH secretion, AtT-20 cells were treated with 1-oleoyl-2-acetoyl-sn-3-glycerol (OAG), an analogue of the diacylgylcerols that are formed by phospholipase C during PI metabolism and that also activate protein kinase C. OAG itself does not alter ACTH release or the levels of IPs in AtT-20 cells. Pretreatment of AtT-20 cells with OAG, however, selectively blocks the ACTH release response to lithium, calcium, or phorbol ester. Furthermore, such pretreatment reduced the ability of lithium to increase levels of IPs. The results suggest that one mechanism of action of lithium is to potentiate selectively an action of calcium, possibly the stimulation of phospholipase C activity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
3039056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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