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Auris Nasus Larynx. 2019 Jun;46(3):353-359. doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2018.10.006. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Migraine increases the proportion of sudden sensorineural hearing loss: A longitudinal follow-up study.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Neurology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: pupen@naver.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the present study was to investigate the proportion of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) patients in a representative population cohort with migraine.

METHODS:

The Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort was collected from 2002 to 2013. A total of 45,114 migraine participants (the migraine group) were matched according to age, sex, income, region of residence, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia with 180,456 controls (the control group). The migraine group included participants diagnosed with migraine (International Classification of Disease [ICD]-10: G43) who underwent treatment ≥2 times. The SSNHL was investigated based on the ICD-10 (H912) code and confirmed by an audiometry exam and steroid treatment. Histories of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, ischemic heart disease, stroke, depression, Meniere's disease, and tinnitus were evaluated using ICD-10 codes. Crude (simple) and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of SSNHL associated with migraine were analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards model. Subgroup analyses were conducted according to age and sex.

RESULTS:

In total, 0.9% (399/44,714) of the migraine patients and 0.6% (1,169/179,287) of the controls were diagnosed with SSNHL (P<0.001). The adjusted HR of migraine for SSNHL was 1.34 (95% confidence interval [CI]=1.19-1.50, P<0.001). Both patient age subgroups (20-59years old and ≥60years old) showed high adjusted HRs for SSNHL. Both the men and women presented an elevated proportion of SSNHL cases.

CONCLUSION:

Migraine patients had a higher likelihood of SSNHL. All age and sex migraine subgroups showed an elevated proportion of SSNHL cases.

KEYWORDS:

Hearing loss; Korean; Migraine; Risk factors; Sudden

PMID:
30389313
DOI:
10.1016/j.anl.2018.10.006

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