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Urol Ann. 2018 Oct-Dec;10(4):409-412. doi: 10.4103/UA.UA_69_18.

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for bilateral renal stones: A case report with serious complications that could be avoided.

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Department of Urology, Ministry of Health, Sohar Hospital, Sohar, Sultanate of Oman.
Department of Radiology, Ministry of Health, Sohar Hospital, Sohar, Sultanate of Oman.
Oman Medical College, Sohar, Sultanate of Oman.


22-year-old male patient with irrelevant medical history presented with bilateral renal stones; multiple stones in right renal pelvis measured 10, 11, and 11mm and another one on the left side measured 12mm. Extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) was done first on the left side, but after 400 shocks and total energy of 20 Storez Medical Lithotripsy Index only, the stone wasn't visible. Then, the operator switched to the right side and a he completed the session. A day after, the patient presented with bilateral renal colic, gradual rising of renal function and imaging showed bilateral steinstrasse with bilateral hydroureteronephrosis. Patient was managed with insertion of bilateral ureteric stents and had another session of ESWL on the right side. We concluded that bilateral simultaneous ESWL for bilateral renal stones doesn't affect the renal function on the long-term outcome, but still carries the risk of bilateral obstruction and acute renal injury.


Acute renal failure; bilateral steinstrasse; extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy; ureteric stones

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