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J Am Soc Nephrol. 2018 Dec;29(12):2870-2878. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2018060657. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Health Outcome Priorities of Older Adults with Advanced CKD and Concordance with Their Nephrology Providers' Perceptions.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology and Brookdale Department of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.
2
Divisions of Nephrology and Hypertension.
3
Vanderbilt Center for Kidney Disease, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee; and.
4
Department of Medicine, St. Barnabas Hospital Health System, Bronx, New York.
5
Department of Biostatistics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.
6
General Internal Medicine, Public Health, and Palliative Medicine, and.
7
Epidemiology, and.
8
Divisions of Nephrology and Hypertension, khaled.abdel-kader@vanderbilt.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Older adults with advanced CKD have significant pain, other symptoms, and disability. To help ensure that care is consistent with patients' values, nephrology providers should understand their patients' priorities when they make clinical recommendations.

METHODS:

Patients aged ≥60 years with advanced (stage 4 or 5) non-dialysis-dependent CKD receiving care at a CKD clinic completed a validated health outcome prioritization tool to ascertain their health outcome priorities. For each patient, the nephrology provider completed the same health outcome prioritization tool. Patients also answered questions to self-rate their health and completed an end-of-life scenarios instrument. We examined the associations between priorities and self-reported health status and between priorities and acceptance of common end-of-life scenarios, and also measured concordance between patients' priorities and providers' perceptions of priorities.

RESULTS:

Among 271 patients (median age 71 years), the top health outcome priority was maintaining independence (49%), followed by staying alive (35%), reducing pain (9%), and reducing other symptoms (6%). Nearly half of patients ranked staying alive as their third or fourth priority. There was no relationship between patients' self-rated health status and top priority, but acceptance of some end-of-life scenarios differed significantly between groups with different top priorities. Providers' perceptions about patients' top health outcome priorities were correct only 35% of the time. Patient-provider concordance for any individual health outcome ranking was similarly poor.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nearly half of older adults with advanced CKD ranked maintaining independence as their top heath outcome priority. Almost as many ranked being alive as their last or second-to-last priority. Nephrology providers demonstrated limited knowledge of their patients' priorities.

KEYWORDS:

chronic kidney disease; geriatric nephrology; quality of life

PMID:
30385652
PMCID:
PMC6287864
[Available on 2019-12-01]
DOI:
10.1681/ASN.2018060657
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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