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MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Nov 2;67(43):1208-1210. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6743a3.

Hepatitis A Virus Outbreaks Associated with Drug Use and Homelessness - California, Kentucky, Michigan, and Utah, 2017.

Abstract

During 2017, CDC received 1,521 reports of acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) infections from California, Kentucky, Michigan, and Utah; the majority of infections were among persons reporting injection or noninjection drug use or homelessness. Investigations conducted by local and state health departments indicated that direct person-to-person transmission of HAV infections was occurring, differing from other recent, large HAV outbreaks attributed to consumption of contaminated commercial food products. Outbreaks with direct HAV transmission among persons reporting drug use or homelessness signals a shift in HAV infection epidemiology in the United States, and vaccination of these populations at high risk can prevent future outbreaks.

PMID:
30383739
PMCID:
PMC6319801
DOI:
10.15585/mmwr.mm6743a3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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