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Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2018 Sep-Oct;29(5):1211-1215. doi: 10.4103/1319-2442.243968.

Bilateral renal cortical necrosis following acute pancreatitis - A rare complication of a common disease.

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Department of Nephrology, Government T. D. Medical College, Alappuzha, Kerala, India.


Acute renal cortical necrosis is a rare cause of intrinsic acute kidney injury (AKI) which is commonly associated with obstetric complications such as placental abruption and some serious systemic disorders such as hemolytic-uremic syndrome, sepsis, severe burns, and snake bite. Acute pancreatitis is an extremely rare cause of renal cortical necrosis, and only less than 10 cases are reported in the literature. Here, we present a 24-year-old male presented with features of acute pancreatitis and oliguric AKI. His pancreatic enzymes were above 1000 IU/mL at admission. He was initiated on hemodialysis. Percutaneous renal biopsy done at 4th week of illness showed features of diffuse renal cortical necrosis. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography demonstrated hypoattenuation of cortex compared to medulla consistent with renal cortical necrosis. He developed complications such as acute necrotic collection, pleural effusion and retinal detachment in addition to renal cortical necrosis which was managed conservatively. Since there was no improvement in the renal function now, he is being evaluated for renal transplantation.

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