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Curr Med Chem. 2018 Oct 31. doi: 10.2174/0929867325666181101105535. [Epub ahead of print]

Onion-like carbon nanostructures: An overview of bio-applications.

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Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Biology and Chemistry, University of Bialystok, Bialystok. Poland.
Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso. United States.
Faculty of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Mickiewicza 2D, 15-222 Bialystok. Poland.


This article presents a brief review of the knowledge concerning onion-like carbons (OLCs). These nanostructures are some of the most fascinating carbon forms due to their unusual structure and physico-chemical properties. Generally, OLCs consist of a hollow-spherical fullerene core surrounded by concentric graphitic layers with increasing diameter. Nevertheless, they can have different size, shape and type of core, which determine their physicochemical properties. In this article, we review the most important literature reports in this area and briefly describe these nanostructures, their physical and chemical properties and their potential uses with a focus on biomedicine.


bioapplications.; composites; functionalization; multi-layered fullerenes; onion-like nanostructures; physicochemical properties

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