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Blood Press. 2018 Dec;27(6):314-340. doi: 10.1080/08037051.2018.1527177.

2018 Practice guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).

Author information

1
a University College London, London UCL , London , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
2
b IRCCS Instituto Auxologico Italiano , University of Milano-Bicocca , Milano , Italy.
3
c Department of Medicine , University Medical Center Utrecht , Utrecht , Netherlands.
4
d Universita degli Studi di Brescia Aree Disciplinari Medicina e Chirurgia , Brescia , Italy.
5
e Universite Paris Descartes , Paris , France.
6
f Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois , Lausanne , Switzerland.
7
g University of Gent , Gent , Belgium.
8
h School of Medicine , University of Barcelona , Barcelona , Spain.
9
i Hypertension Research Center (CIRIAPA), Department of Translational Medical Sciences , Federico II University Hospital , Napoli , Italy.
10
j University of Glasgow , Glasgow , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
11
k Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm , Sweden.
12
l Saarland University Hospital , Homburg , Germany.
13
m Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital Clínico de Valencia , Catedrático de Medicina de la Universidad de Valencia , Valencia , Spain.
14
n Hypertension Unit , Madrid , Spain.
15
o University of Milan , Milan , Italy.
16
p Dublin St. James Hospital , Dublin , Ireland.
17
q Department of Cardiology , Oslo University Hospital , Oslo , Norway.
18
r Institute for Clinical Medicine , University of Oslo , Oslo , Norway.
19
s Institut für Klinische Pharmakologie und Toxikologie , Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin , Berlin , Germany.
20
t Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou , Paris , France.
21
u College of Medical and Dental Sciences , University of Birmingham , Birmingham , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
22
v Nuffield Department of Primary Care , Nuffield , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
23
w Department of Hypertension and Diabetology , Medical University of Gdansk , Gdansk , Poland.
24
x Department of Cardiology , University of Zurich , Zurich , Switzerland.
25
y Abteilung für Nephrologie und Hypertensiologie , Universitätsklinikum Erlangen , Erlangen , Germany.
26
z Almazov Federal Heart , Blood and Endocrinology Centre , St Petersburg , Russian Federation.
27
aa Hippokration Hospital, First Cardiology Clinic, Medical School , National and Kapodistrian University of Athens , Athens , Greece.
28
ab Department of Cardiology , Dupuytren University Hospital , Limoges , France.
29
ac CHU de Limoges , Limoges , France.

Abstract

These practice guidelines on the management of arterial hypertension are a concise summary of the more extensive ones prepared by the Task Force jointly appointed by the European Society of Hypertension and the European Society of Cardiology. These guidelines have been prepared on the basis of the best available evidence on all issues deserving recommendations; their role must be educational and not prescriptive or coercive for the management of individual subjects who may differ widely in their personal, medical and cultural characteristics. The members of the Task Force have participated independently in the preparation of these guidelines, drawing on their academic and clinical experience and by objective examination and interpretation of all available literature. A disclosure of their potential conflict of interest is reported on the websites of the ESH and the ESC.

KEYWORDS:

Blood pressure; adherence; blood pressure measurement; blood pressure treatment thresholds and targets; combination therapy; device therapy; drug therapy; hypertension-mediated organ damage; lifestyle interventions; secondary hypertension; special conditions

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