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Behav Sleep Med. 2020 Jan-Feb;18(1):1-9. doi: 10.1080/15402002.2018.1518228. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Insomnia: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

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Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Macao SAR, China.
Guangdong Mental Health Center, Guangdong General Hospital & Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.
The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (Guangzhou Huiai Hospital), Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.
The National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders, China & Center of Depression, Beijing Institute for Brain Disorders & Mood Disorders Center, Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
University of Notre Dame Australia/Graylands Hospital, Perth, Australia.


Objective: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are clinically effective for insomnia, but the research findings have been mixed. This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examined the effect of MBIs on insomnia. Method: Both English (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases) and Chinese (WanFang and CNKI) databases were systematically and independently searched. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) and risk ratio (RR) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the random effects model. Results: Five RCTs (n = 520) comparing MBIs (n = 279) and control (n = 241) groups were identified and analyzed. Compared to the control group, participants in the MBIs group showed significant improvement in insomnia as measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (n = 247; SMD: -1.01, 95% CI: -1.28 to -0.75, I2 = 0%, p < 0.00001) at post-MBIs assessment. Conclusion: In this comprehensive meta-analysis, MBIs appear to be effective in the treatment of insomnia. Further studies to examine the long-term effects of MBIs for insomnia are needed.

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