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PLoS One. 2018 Oct 31;13(10):e0198499. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198499. eCollection 2018.

A survey of public attitudes towards third-party reproduction in Japan in 2014.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokushima University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to examine public attitudes towards third-party reproduction and the disclosure of conception through third-party reproduction.

METHODS:

We conducted the web-based survey for the public attitude towards third-party reproduction in February 2014. Twenty-five hundred people were recruited with equal segregation of age (20s, 30s, 40s, and 50s) and gender. We analyzed the association between gender, age, infertility, and ethical view using a questionnaire regarding donor sperm, donor oocyte, donor embryo, gestational surrogacy, and disclosure to offspring.

RESULTS:

Of the respondents, 36.2% approved and 26.6% disapproved of gamete or embryo donation. The frequency of those who approved was lowest in females in the 50-59 year age group, and was significantly higher in males or females with infertility. Secondly, 40.9% approved and 21.8% disapproved of gestational surrogacy. The frequency of those who approved gestational surrogacy was higher in males or females with infertility. Thirdly, 46.3% of respondents agreed and 20.4% disagreed with "offspring have the right to know their origin". Those who disagreed were primarily in the 50-59 year age group of both genders, and disagreement was significantly higher in the infertility group compared with non-infertility group.

CONCLUSION:

In this study, public attitudes were affected by gender, age, and experience of infertility. These study findings are important in understanding the attitude towards third-party reproduction and disclosure to the offspring. Respondents having indecisive attitudes were >30%, which might indicate an increased requirement for information and education to enhance the discussion on the ethical consensus on third-party reproduction in Japan.

PMID:
30379816
PMCID:
PMC6209135
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0198499
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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