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Rev Saude Publica. 2018 Oct 25;52Suppl 2(Suppl 2):16s. doi: 10.11606/S1518-8787.2018052000613.

Factors associated with perceived quality of life in older adults: ELSI-Brazil.

[Article in English, Portuguese]

Author information

1
Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Faculdade de Ciências Médicas. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Gerontologia. Campinas, SP, Brasil.
2
Universidade do Recôncavo da Bahia. Centro de Ciências da Saúde. Santo Antônio de Jesus, BA, Brasil.
3
Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Ciências, Artes e Humanidades. Curso de Gerontologia. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
4
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde. Ministério da Saúde. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.
5
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto René Rachou. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.
6
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto René Rachou. Núcleo de Estudos em Saúde Pública e Envelhecimento. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify factors associated with perceived quality of life in a representative national sample of the population aged 50 or over.

METHODS:

Data from 7,651 participants of the baseline ELSI-Brazil (Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Aging), conducted between 2015 and 2016, were used. The perceived quality of life was measured by the CASP-19 scale - (CASP - control, autonomy, self-fulfillment and pleasure), considering the highest tertile as good quality of life. The independent variables included socio-demographic characteristics, mobility, loneliness, and indicators of sociability (social network, social support and social participation). The associations were tested using multivariate Poisson regression.

RESULTS:

The best perceived quality of life showed a positive and independent association with the frequency of contacts with friends (PR = 1.25 for at least once every 2-3 months and PR = 1.36 for at least once a week), instrumental support from spouse or partner in the household (PR = 1.69), and emotional support from other relatives (PR = 1.45), children or children in law (PR = 1.41) and spouse or partner (PR = 1.33). Negative associations were observed for participants aged 80 and over (RP = 0.77), with 4 to 7 or 8 or more years of schooling (PR = 0.78 and 0.75, respectively) and with difficulty in mobility (PR = 0.83).

CONCLUSIONS:

In addition to age and schooling, mobility, sociability and instrumental and emotional support are associated with perceived quality of life among older Brazilian adults. These characteristics must be considered when actions are taken, aiming to promote quality of life in this population.

PMID:
30379281
PMCID:
PMC6254904
DOI:
10.11606/S1518-8787.2018052000613
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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