Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ir Med J. 2018 Mar 14;111(3):714.

Single Centre Experience - Clinical Presentation and Frequency of Paediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) At Diagnosis over a 5-Year Period.

Author information

1
Discipline of Paediatrics, Trinity Centre for Health Sciences Building, AMNCH, Tallaght, Dublin 24.

Abstract

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) symptoms are subtle and easily overlooked. Delayed diagnosis can result in Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a life threatening complication with lasting consequences. We sought to define the presenting features of T1D and DKA frequency, in children <15 years diagnosed in a single national tertiary centre, and identify predictive factors for DKA. A review of T1D incident cases was undertaken from 2008-2012 using the National Diabetes Register (ICDNR) and clinical case notes. Data were compared with a 1997/8 national study. We found DKA at presentation in 28.7 % of children and 15.5% had moderate/severe DKA. Commonest symptoms were polydipsia, polyuria, weight loss, and lethargy. Median symptom duration was 17 days. Clinical presentation was similar and frequency of DKA at T1D diagnosis remains high. The proportion with moderate/severe DKA is lower than the 25% previously reported (p=0.038). National monitoring and targeted action to reduce DKA at diagnosis is required.

PMID:
30376232

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center